Rise of Nazism

Members of Hitler’s Storm Troopers block the entrance to a Jewish-owned shop as part of the April 1933 boycott organised by the Nazi party soon after it took power. One sign reads: ‘Germans, defend yourselves; buy only at German shops!’

Source: U.S. Memorial Holocaust Museum, courtesy of National Archives and Records Administration

Devastation of a Jewish-owned shop during Kristallnacht, November 1938.

Devastation of a Jewish-owned shop during Kristallnacht, November 1938.

Source: JHC

2-German-Passport

Item from the display

German passport
Vienna, Germany, 1938

This passport, belonging to Ida Reinisch from Vienna, was stamped with a ‘J’ for Jude (Jew) in 1938. All Jewish women also had the name ‘Sara’ inserted in their passports, while Jewish males had the name ‘Israel’ added.

Source: JHC, courtesy of Ida Reinisch